Gynecological surgery refers to surgery on the female reproductive system performed by gynecologists. It includes procedures for benign conditions, cancer, infertility, and incontinence.Gynecological surgery may occasionally be performed for elective or cosmetic purposes.


A laparoscope is a telescope which can be inserted into the abdominal cavity through a small incision. A powerful light source and TV camera allows the surgeon to see the abdominal and pelvic organs more clearly. The video camera is connected to a high resolution viewing screen to optimize vision during the operation. The surgeon can then manipulate the laparoscope and other instruments outside of the patient’s body to perform most gynecological operations. Because the image is magnified the surgeon can see areas of disease more clearly and can more easily prevent bleeding during surgery. It can also be a form of treatment. With miniaturized instruments, your doctor can perform a variety of surgeries. These include- ovarian cyst removal, tubal ligation, which is surgical contraception, hysterectomy. Laparoscopy generally has a shorter healing time than open surgery. It also leaves smaller scars. A gynecologist, general surgeon, or another type of specialist may perform this procedure.


Open surgery is the traditional type of surgery in which an incision is made using a scalpel. The surgeon then inserts the instruments and conducts the surgery. Open surgery is usually compared to "minimally invasive" surgical techniques which may involve smaller incisions or even (in some cases) no incision at all. While minimally invasive surgery has become increasingly popular, there are a number of situations in which open surgery is still preferable. But that doesn't mean that open surgery is obsolete. In some cases, for example: • Repairs simply cannot be made effectively using minimally invasive techniques, • Only open surgery provides the visual information required to completely remove tissues or accurately diagnose a condition, • Some types of surgeries require access to larger areas in order to insert materials such as mesh for hernia.
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